Lisbon (Portugal)

Lisbon, besides being the capital of Portugal, is the most populous city in the country with an area of 100 km². Lisbon is a great city and the capital more the Western European continent, as well as being the only capital along the Atlantic coast from the European countries.

Lisbon is recognized as a global city because of its importance in financial, commercial, media , artistic , educational and tourist . Portela Airport receives more than 18 million passengers annually (2014), while the network of motorways and high -speed rail system (Alfa Pendular) connect the major Portuguese cities to the capital. Lisbon is the seventh most visited city in the south of Europe, after Istanbul, Rome, Barcelona, Madrid, Athens and Milan, with 1.74 million tourists in 2009, and in 2013 surpassed the 2.7 million tourists.

Lisbon has two sites classified by UNESCO as World Heritage: The Belem Tower and the Jeronimos Monastery. Also in 1994, Lisbon was the European Capital of Culture and organized the World Expo 1998.

Popularly, natural or inhabitants of Lisbon are called Alfacinhas. Lisbon is a city full of green spaces of varying dimensions. It was in this city that came the first Portuguese botanical garden: Help Botanical Garden. Some of the city’s gardens are in recovery process, with the aim of creating a green corridor in the city.

The city is equipped with several libraries and archives, the most important being the National Library. The be highlighted as one of the world’s most important files, with over 600 years, is the National Archives of Torre do Tombo, central archive of the Portuguese State from the Middle Ages and one of the oldest active Portuguese institutions. There are also, among others, the Military Historical Archive and File Overseas History.

In Lisbon there are several hospitals (both public and private), clinics, health centers, etc. Hospitals Santa Marta and Santa Cruz started to be specialized in Cardiology subsequently encompassed other specialties.

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The airport of Lisbon Portela Airport, is located 7 km from the center , in the northeast of the city. Portela Airport (IATA code: LIS, ICAO code: LPPT) is the largest airport in Portugal, with a traffic volume of about 12 million passengers per year.

The Port of Lisbon is one of the main European tourist ports, numerous cruises stop. It is equipped with three quays for cruise ships. The city also has several marinas for pleasure boats. There is also a network of inland waterways connecting the two banks of the Tejo.

The city has an urban rail network and suburban (metro and suburban rail). With its characteristic yellow color, the Trams in Lisbon are the traditional transport in the city center. There is also the bus station in Lisbon, one of the most important in the country, where depart and arrive every day dozens of buses with various national and international destinations. Taxis are also very common in the city, currently being cream-colored, many still retain the emblematic colors of the old taxis: black and green. There are several taxi ranks and circulate hundreds of taxis throughout the city.

Lisbon is a city with an intense cultural life. Epicenter of the discoveries from the fifteenth century, the city is the meeting point of different cultures, the first place where East Indies, Africas and the Americas met. Maintaining close links with the former Portuguese colonies and today independent countries, Lisbon is one of the most cosmopolitan cities in Europe. It is possible, in one subway ride to hear languages such as Cantonese, Cape Verdean Creole, the Gujarati, Ukrainian, Italian or Portuguese to Mozambican and Brazilian pronunciation. And none of them spoken by tourists, but by townspeople.


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