Fortaleza (Brazil)

Fortaleza is a Brazilian city, Ceará state capital, located in the Northeast region of the country. Distant 2285 km from Brasilia, the federal capital, the city developed on the banks of Pajeú stream, and its toponymy is an allusion to Fort Schoonenborch , which gave rise to the city , built by the Dutch during his second stay in place between 1649 and 1654. the motto of Fortaleza, present in his coat is the word in Latin Fortitudine , which in Portuguese means ” strength, valor , courage.”

It is located on the Atlantic coast, at an average altitude of sixteen meters, with 34 km of beaches. It is the largest city in Ceará in population and the fifth in Brazil. It is the northeastern city with the largest area of regional influence and has the third largest urban Brazil networking population, behind only São Paulo and Rio de Janeiro.

Fortaleza in 2012 was the tenth richest city in the country in GDP and first in the Northeast, with 43 billion reais. It also has the third richest metropolitan area in the North and Northeast regions. It is important industrial and commercial center of Brazil, the eighth largest power of the nation’s municipal purchase. In tourism, the city reached the brands second most desired destination of Brazil and fourth Brazilian city that receives more tourists according to the Ministry of Tourism.

Batizada de Loira Desposada do Sol pelos versos do poeta Paula Ney, a metrópole cearense é a terra natal de brasileiros de grande renome como o ex-presidente Castelo Branco e Dom Hélder Câmara, assim como Capistrano de Abreu, Casimiro Montenegro Filho, José de Alencar, Karim Aïnouz, Maurício Peixoto e Rachel de Queiroz.

The medium Fortaleza environment has characteristics similar to other cities of the coast of Brazil. The weather is warm, with average annual temperature of 26 ° C. The predominant vegetation is mangrove and sandbank. Its relief is coastal plain and pre- coastal trays. The territory has an average altitude of sixteen meters. The Coco Ecological Park stands out for being the largest green area of the city and one of the largest urban parks in Latin America.


The city has seven environmental conservation units. They are the Municipal Natural Park of Sabiaguaba dunes, the Environmental Protection Area of Sabiaguaba , the Ecological Park Lagoon Maraponga , the Ecological Park of Cocó , the Environmental Protection Area of Ceará River Estuary , the Environmental Protection Area Pacoti river and the Marine State Park of Pedra da Risca do Meio. [ 50] There is also in the city, the Area of Relevant Ecological Interest Site Bullfinch, which protects the last Atlantic forest enclave in the urban area.

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